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Harriet MacMillan

Bio

Harriet MacMillan is a psychiatrist and pediatrician conducting family violence research.  She is a member of the Offord Centre for Child Studies. Beginning in 1993 until 2004, Harriet was the founding Director of the Child Advocacy and Assessment Program (CAAP) at McMaster Children’s Hospital, a multidisciplinary program committed to reducing the burden of suffering associated with family violence.   She continues to see patients as an active staff member of CAAP.  Her research focuses on the epidemiology of violence against children and women; she has led randomized controlled trials evaluating the effectiveness of approaches to preventing child maltreatment and intimate partner violence.  Funding for this work has been provided by organizations such as the WT Grant Foundation, CIHR, the Brain and Behavior Research Foundation and CDC.  Harriet is the nominated principal investigator of a CIHR-funded Centre for Research Development in Gender, Mental Health and Violence across the Lifespan (PreVAiL:http://www.prevailresearch.ca/).  PreVAiL is an international Network made up of researchers in the areas of mental health, gender and violence, and of partner organizations with service, research and policy mandates in these areas.  Through PreVAiL, Harriet works closely with organizations such as the Public Health Agency of Canada and the World Health Organization.  

Featured Publications

  • MacMillan HL, Tanaka M, Vaillancourt T, Duku E, Boyle MH.  Child physical and sexual abuse in a community sample of young adults: Results from the Ontario Child Health Study.  Child Abuse and Neglect 2013;37:14-21.
  • Afifi TO, Mather A, Boman J, Fleisher W, Enns HW, MacMillan HL, Sareen J.  Childhood adversity and personality disorders: results from a nationally representative population-based study.  Journal of Psychiatric Research 2011;45:814-22.
  • MacMillan HL, Wathen CN, Jamieson E, Boyle MH, Shannon HS, Ford-Gilboe M, Worster A, Lent B, Coben JH, Campbell JC, McNutt LA; McMaster Violence Against Women Research Group.  Screening for intimate partner violence in health care settings: a randomized trial.  JAMA 2009;302:493-501.
  • MacMillan HL, Georgiades K, Duku E, Shea A, Steiner M, Niec A, Tanaka M, Gensey S, Spree S, Vella E, Walsh CA, De Bellis MD, Van der Meulen J, Boyle M, Schmidt, LA. Cortisol response to stress in female youths exposed to childhood maltreatment: Results of the Youth Mood Project.  Biological Psychiatry 2009;66:62-68.
  • MacMillan HL, Wathen CN, Barlow J, Fergusson DM, Leventhal JM, Taussig HN. Interventions to prevent child maltreatment and associated impairment. Lancet 2009;373:250-266.
  • Gilbert R, Kemp A, Thoburn J, Sidebotham P, Radford L, Glaser D, MacMillan HL. Recognising and responding to child maltreatment. Lancet 2009;373:167-180.
  • Walsh CA, MacMillan HL, Trocmé N, Jamieson E, Boyle MH. Measurement of victimization in adolescence: development and validation of the Childhood Experiences of Violence Questionnaire. Child Abuse and Neglect 2008;32:1037-1057.
  • MacMillan HL, Jamieson E, Walsh CA, Faries EJ, McCue H, MacMillan AB, Offord DR, with the Technical Advisory Committee of the Chiefs of Ontario. First Nations women’s mental health: Results from an Ontario survey.  Archives of Women’s Mental Health 2008;11:109-115. 
  • MacMillan HL, Thomas BH, Jamieson E, Walsh CA, Boyle MH, Shannon H, Gafni A.  Effectiveness of home visitation by public-health nurses in prevention of the recurrence of child physical abuse and neglect: a randomized controlled trial.  Lancet 2005;365:1786-1793.
  • Clinical and Research Interests

    • Preventing Violence across the Lifespan (PreVAiL) - an international Network of 60 researchers working in the areas of mental health, gender and violence, and 19 partner organizations such as the World Health Organization
    • Nurse Family Partnership Curriculum - a multi-site randomized controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness of an IPV curriculum embedded in the Nurse Family Partnership (NFP)
    • British Columbia Healthy Connections Project (BCHCP) - a province-wide randomized controlled trial of the NFP in BC to determine the program’s effectiveness within the Canadian context (funded by the BC Ministry of Health and BC Ministry of Children and Family Development)
    • Healthy Foundations Study – an adjunct study of the BCHCP, examining the impact of a preventive home visitation intervention on biological outcomes in infants across the first two years of life (funded by CIHR)

    Education

    • M.Sc., McMaster University, 1994
    • RCPSC, Psychiatry, SickKids and McMaster University, 1989
    • RCPSC, Pediatrics, SickKids and University of Toronto, 1986
    • M.D., Queen’s University, 1982

    Research Areas

    • Epidemiology of family violence and implementation of RCTs centered on its prevention.
    • Epidemiology of child maltreatment and intimate partner violence

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